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Sexual harassment in the workplace.

October 02, 2019



Workplace sexual harassment takes many different forms. It can come from a coworker, a supervisor, or a customer or client, and ranges from unwanted touching, inappropriate comments or jokes, or someone promising you a promotion in exchange for sexual favors.
Sexual harassment refers to the action of repeated, annoying sexual comments, gazes and physical contact at the workplace. Sexual harassment refers to sexual actions that annoy the party affected. Workplace relationships refer to a close relationship involving romantic or sexual feelings between colleagues. Both males and females can sexually harass another individual of the same gender or different gender. As statistics show, most women face sexual harassment by men. 
Sexual harassment does not have to be “sexual.” It can also look like teasing, intimidating or offensive comments based on stereotypes (e.g., about how certain people “are” or should act), or bullying someone or a group of people based on their sex, gender identity (man, woman, trans, intersex, non-binary) or sexual orientation. Sometimes sexual harassment is about sex and something else, like race or ethnicity. For example, a woman of color may experience harassment in the workplace differently from a white female co-worker she may be the target of abusive or hostile behavior because of the combination of her sex and her race or ethnicity.



Examples of behavior that could be harassment include but are not limited to:
  • making unwanted requests for sexual favors or dates
  • making inappropriate comments about someone’s body or appearance
  • saying bad things about or making fun of someone or all people of a certain gender or sexual orientation (i.e. “women are…” or “gay people all…”)
  • using gender-based or sexual orientation-based slurs (swear words)
  • making vulgar, offensive, or explicit jokes about sex or sexual acts
  • sending or sharing emails, texts, or messages of a sexual nature
  • gossiping about someone’s personal relationships or sex life
  • unwanted or inappropriate touching of any body part, clothing, face, or hair, including hugging, kissing, or assault
  • staring, leering, or making gestures of a sexual nature
  • blocking someone’s movement
  • displaying, sending, or sharing vulgar pictures or pornography

What are my rights?
Work in a safe, discrimination-free environment
Be told about your company’s sexual harassment policies
Talk about or speak out against sexual harassment
Report the harassment to HR or your manager
Picket or protest
Have your complaint taken seriously and investigated
Ask your employer what will happen and who will know if you file a complaint

How Often Do U.S. Workers Experience Abuse & Harassment?


A new report from the RAND Corporation has examined the physical and emotional impact of the modern U.S. workplace. It found that while some workers have to deal with physical exertion, many jobs also have a serious emotional impact on employees.
Bullying, violence and harassment are all serious problems in American working environments, though thankfully, only a minority of workers have had the misfortune to experience them. Over the past month, 13 percent of men and 12 percent of women had to put up with verbal abuse at work. Over the last 12 months, 9.6 percent of men and 11 percent of women experienced bullying or harassment. Perhaps unsurprisingly, women are far more likely to endure unwanted sexual attention than men. According to RAND, just under 5 percent of U.S. woman experienced some form of unwanted sexual attention in the workplace over the past month.


Sexual harassment in Maldivian

Despite the achievements in addressing gender inequalities in the Maldives, situations related to women’s rights have worsened in the past 10 years affecting reproductive health and rights, empowerment and access to the labor market. This is valid in some of the most remote atoll-islands but also in bigger cities like Male’ where women and girls experience disadvantages every day.
Gender based violence, including sexual harassment, is a major problem in Maldives. Recent surveys indicate that 96% of women have faced street harassment at some point in their lives, with 60% first facing harassment before the age of 14 and 40% before they turn 10. Furthermore, 89% of the victims have never reported it to the police.

Below are the some statistical survey information carried by a Maldivian researcher about the “SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN GOVERNMENT OFFICES A KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES SURVEY OF STAFF WORKING IN MALE”.
The table shows the knowledge of staff regarding sexual harassment in the government offices in male from 185 staff 183 respondents said that 97.8 % (179) they knew what sexual harassment is. And 2.2 % (4) responds that they don‟t know what sexual harassment is. About the most common constitutes as sexual harassment staff said that unwanted whistling was 9.9 % (54). Inappropriate looks was 21.2% (116). Unwanted touching was 20.1% (110) and forceful hugging was 5.1% (28). Inappropriate way of shaking hands was 9.9% (54) last but not least 12.4% was (68) showing sexual videos. Making inappropriate comments about person physical appearance 21.5 %( 118). Out of 185 staff 31.4% (58) respond that they knew someone who has been sexually harassed at work place and 68.1% (126) respond that they don‟t know someone who has been sexually harassed at work place.


Table shows about the actions witnessed by the respondents in the work environment happening their Boss/ Co-worker/ Subordinate or your colleagues / themselves. Therefore, 25.2 % (37) said they has experienced unwanted whistling in the organization.74.8% (110) did not experienced. 40.5 % (64) has experienced inappropriate looks while 59.5 % (94) did not. . Unwanted touching was experienced by 28.0 % (42) staff in the organization and 72.0 % (108) did not. Forceful hugging was experienced by 8.9 % (13) staff and 91.1% (133) did not. Inappropriate way of shaking hands was experienced by 31.2 % (48) staff and 68.8% (106) did not. Showing sexual videos in the organization has experienced 11.9% (18) staff and 40 88.1% (133) did not. Making inappropriate comments about person physical appearance has experienced by 37.6% (59) and 62.4 % ( 98) did not.

Conclusion
Sexual harassment does not discriminate white or blue collar employments. This vice happens in all companies. The best method to deal with it is the immediate report of any form of sexual harassment to as per the chain of command. Sexual harassment is both an illegal and unethical practice. This is a problem for many organizations.Sexual harassment is not allowed by the law as the same laws that disallow gender discrimination also forbid sexual harassment. Sexual harassment affects the victim’s psychology greatly.
Workplace relationships can go sour, leading to a harassment claim from the bitter individual. This is a liability to the company. Therefore, companies must enforce strict measures and policies as pertaining workplace relationships. This is because workplace relationships can have an impact on the company. Although workplace relationships have been allowed, professionalism within the workplace must be maintained by the couple.





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