FOCUS OF THE STUDY
According to many researchers, differentiated instruction is one of the finest teachings methodologies to apply in teaching. The aim of the study is to examine the teacher perceptions, practices and challenges of differentiated instruction in School. The new curriculum of the Maldives is mainly focused on preparing children for life. For this reason, improving student’s academic achievement is one of the biggest issues facing almost every school. As I mentioned at the start, differentiated instruction is one of the finest teaching methodologies to apply in teaching, because differentiated instruction is a very helpful and meaningful way for teachers to increase students’ academic achievement by allowing them to achieve from the diverse learning needs of all the students.
However, there are many challenges for applying differentiated instruction in everyday teaching. One of the biggest reasons for not applying differentiated instruction is one teacher catering to almost thirty students with different learning abilities and interests at the same time. Additionally, the time provided for each period is also too short for this amount of students for applying differentiated instruction in everyday teaching. Due to this reason, many teachers do not differentiate instructions on regular basis. I agree that not applying differentiated instruction in everyday teaching is a big disadvantage for students, because this takes away them from reaching their learning potential, at the same time, it also affects the adequate yearly progress of the schools.