A state is a fixed territory bound together by common-law habits and custom into one body politic exercising.
Elements of State
1. Population: the state is a human institution. So population is its primary element.
2. Territory: territory is citizens are bound together by residence on a common territory. Land, water and air space comprise the territory of a state.
3. Government: government is the political organization of the state.
4. Sovereignty: it denotes the supreme power or the final authority from which there is no appeal