Will people study exact sciences in the future?

September 04, 2019


Exact sciences are those sciences which admit of absolute precision in their results. Especially the mathematical sciences. In other words, any scientific field in which accurate quantitative techniques are used and there are accurate means of testing hypotheses and repeating results. Some examples of exact sciences are mathematics, optics, astronomy, and physics. The exact sciences are characterized by accurate quantitative expression, precise predictions and/or rigorous methods of testing hypotheses involving quantifiable predictions and measurements. These sciences have been practiced in many cultures from antiquity to modern times.
The distinction between the quantitative exact sciences and those sciences which deal with the causes of things is due to Aristotle, who distinguished mathematics from natural philosophy and considered the exact sciences to be the more natural of the branches of mathematics. This distinction points out that astronomy explains the spherical shape of the Earth by mathematical reasoning while physics explains it by material causes. This distinction was widely, but not universally, accepted until the scientific revolution of the Seventeenth Century. Since then it has been proposed that a fundamental change leading to the new sciences was the unification of the exact sciences and physics which resulted in a quantitative investigation of the physical causes of natural phenomena.

Aminath Saama (ACFS Batch 1)

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