Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly disease most commonly affecting people and nonhuman primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).
Prevention focuses on avoiding contact with the viruses. Before travelling to Africa, get to know about the current epidemic situations by checking the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.
As the most diseases that are infectious the most important way to prevent Ebola virus is to wash hands frequently .Use soap and water, or use alcohol-based hand rubs containing at least 60 percent alcohol when soap and water aren't available .
In developing countries,( mostly in infected areas) avoid buying or eating the wild animals, including nonhuman primates, sold in local markets.These animals could be infected so being cautions is important.
Avoiding contact with infected people is most important. In particular, caregivers should avoid contact with an infected person's body fluids and tissues, including blood, semen, vaginal secretions and saliva. If you're a health care worker, wear protective clothing, such as gloves, masks, gowns and eye shields.
Keep infected people isolated from others.People who are infected with Ebola virus can infect other people. Dispose of needles and sterilize other instrument .The bodies of people who have died of Ebola virus disease are still contagious. Specially organized and trained teams should bury the remains, using appropriate safety equipment.
Scientists are working on a variety of vaccines that would protect people from Ebola viruses. Some of the results have been promising, but further testing is needed.
By Aiminath Inan