The business consequences of excessive work

September 14, 2019

The business consequences of excessive work

              They are many reasons people leave their jobs. Here are some reasons; Number one; negative work environments, Two; high stress and pressure work load, Three; lack of engagement and challenge, Four; luck of recognition and benefits.  Today I am going to talk about above the topic, business consequences of excessive work.  I studied relevant journals, articles, research reports regarding the topic. During the studies show that 85% of people’s world-wide, hate their jobs. Considering the average person spends over 90,000 hours at work in their whole lifetime. I think this is important to talk about. Today, we get so busy making a living that we forget to make a life. Most of us killing our self for a job that would replace us within a week if we drop dead. There is no way that we were bone to just pay bills and die. Most of us are working till the end of week. Just so we can live for the weekends. Now we can see these things very closely from our country (Maldives) too. Let’s see our capital city, grater male’, people die for paying their bills even it an accommodation, food education health etc... It feels they were bone to paying bills. And it kind of effects parts of our lives without us even knowing it. Couples in relationships where one of the partner spends 10 or more hours at work on average in total are more likely to get divorced twice as much.25% of employees say that work is their number one cause for stress, and 40% of peoples say that their jobs are just extremely stressful.  This totally blew my mind.

            In Japan, over 10,000 people drop dead at their desks every year because of working consistent 70 hour work weeks. The phenomenon is called “karoshi”. Translated as “overwork death”. And on top of all of that, just to make matters worse, we spend 100 hours a year commuting. But at the same time we all had experiences and moments where even the toughest things don’t feel challenging, don’t feel negative. Sometimes when even we have been up all night but we don’t feel stress. There’s times when we have been working consistently for hours, days and months. But we feel happy. I feel how does that happen? Think about this about when it happened for you. Maybe you were planning a birth day party, maybe you were creating a website or blog or instagram page or else Facebook page. Maybe you even making video for YouTube or Facebook. Maybe it’s a mix of those things or none of those things and maybe it’s something completely different. The point is we have all been able to go through stress, pain and pressure and come out totally fine and actually more excited and enthused about what we have doing when that what we have doing, is what we love. And that’s why Kelly McGonigal in her book “the Upside of stress”. Says that when you are doing something that you love. Something that’s meaningful, something that’s purposeful. You are able to go and experience greater heights of stress than you ever have or thought possible. That means that you can actually take way more stress and pressure than even you believe when you are doing something you love. According a study by Glassdoor, a large proportion of people, almost 50%, quite the job because of burnout and stress. Career Builder released a study that revealed two out of five employees suggested gained weight at their current job.

              Most of the leaders are blinded, because above the 50% of them wrongly believe the most people quite because of not enough money. But I just want say that is not totally true. The truth is the company given extra task to them which is unable to show their full potential at their work. The result they get bored with the management as well as their job.
Daily overtimes lead to lower productivity and ultimately bring losses to the company. However, in many companies, employees remain at work until late at night, without receiving additional compensation from the employer. The rush job is perhaps the best way to learn an employee and to understand whether a person is willing to work under stress, make quick decisions and take responsibility for them. The lack of time, as any crisis, shows the hidden possibilities of man and his weaknesses. Therefore, employees who have distinguished themselves in times of rush job can be considered as the most reliable. Their motivation is not money, but the inside motivation, which is going from the initiative and the desire to prove to all their usefulness, and sometimes superiority at the right time. (Tan Shen Kian, 2014)
Rush jobs in business today are not the rarity. However, if about 10% of employees sit out the night in the office because of too much work, 90% of the delays are due to the poor organization of work, incorrect distribution of responsibilities in the company.
The reason for rush jobs is located in the inability to clearly identify and prioritize tasks. This problem is not the only problem of the leaders, but it is also the problem of employees. Employees often do not realize that the chief is the same man, like them. He also does not have the time and he makes mistakes.
Even when the sufficient number of staff work in a poorly organized company rush jobs will always appear. They are inevitable, if, for example, certain work is hanging out a month, and nobody makes it, simply because it is not clear whose responsibility it includes. Problems cannot be avoided, and if the two employees at the same time grab the same job. (Arnold B. Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti, and Martin C. Euwema, 2005)
Excessive workloads cause fatigue, tiredness and stress, leading to a higher risk of errors and accidents on the job. According to the Harvard Business Review, stress is responsible for up to 80 percent of workplace accidents.

Researchers agree that the workaholic individual is more likely to suffer both psychological and physical problems as a result of excess work. Typical problems referenced are anger, depression, or general anxiety, as well as physical health complaints

  1. A Heavy Workload Affects Morale
  2. High Workloads Impact Employee: depression and mental stress are all common workload problems. Employees who work long hours are more likely to develop heart disease, hypertension, joint pain, weight loss and tiredness. A heavy workload also affects their mood and behavior, causing poor mental focus, decreased motivation and difficulty concentrating on the tasks at hand.
    Working under pressure and dealing with tight deadlines can make your employees sick. These factors have been shown to double the risk of depression and anxiety in young people. In the long run, they may fuel destructive behaviors, such as drug or alcohol abuse. Excessive workloads increase stress, which in turn can lead to migraines, restlessness, irritability, mood swings and cardiovascular events.
3.      Conflicts and Poor Communication
An unbalanced or heavy workload can lead to frustration, disagreements and poor communication among employees. This in turn affects their productivity and increases the likelihood of mistakes happening in the workplace. It has a negative impact on teamwork, decision making, overall performance and employee relationships. Furthermore, high workloads can negatively impact employees' lives outside of the office
4.      Excessive Workload Contributes to Errors
Studies conducted on nurses and health care providers show that a heavy workload increases the potential for medical errors. Doctors who don't get enough sleep because of stress and long working hours are more likely to prescribe the wrong medications. These factors also affect their ability to counsel patients and make accurate diagnoses.

Yasir Aftab Farooqi on Apr 20, 2018 from his research (study effect of work overload on Job Satisfaction and effect of job satisfaction on employee performance and employee engagement.) the data he was collected with the help of questionnaires. The questionnaires he distributed  among the  sample  size of  207  employees of  Public Sector  University  of  Gujranwala  Division  including  teaching faculty and non-teaching staff. He said his research abstract- that the study  is  important  to  overcome the  problem  of  work overload  which  affects  the  job  satisfaction  which  ultimately affects employee performance and employee engagement. The Hypothesis of his study he was mentioned: There is negative relationship between employee work overload and job satisfaction. In here i drooped research tables that he included in his research. 
From table 5 showed the results of the regression analysis for his hypothesis from his research: work overload and employee performance. The value of  R2  is  0.027  which  means  that  2.7%  variations  in Dependent Variable (Job Satisfaction) is explained by the Independent Variables (Work Overload). The value of F is 5.347 and P-value=0.022 in ANOVA indicates a significant Importance of the model. Whereas, the t and p-values in coefficient table shows that Work Overload (t = -2.312; P = 0.022) have significant relationship with job satisfaction and hence prove his hypothesis stated above. The value of β coefficient for overloaded is -.163 indicating negative relationship.
The empirical results of Pearson (2008) and Bozkurt et al. (2012) regarding workload imply that work overload is negatively correlated with job satisfaction. Mansoor et al. (2011) and Ali and Farooqi (2014) also find that work overload and stress-or workload have significant negative impacts on job satisfaction. Based on the finding of his (Ali and Farooqi -2014) study he concluded in his research paper Work overload is a big concern for all the organizations. Some  people  experienced pressure  due  to  work  overload, some  may  experiences  job  dissatisfaction.
Above I studied overall negative impacts on job satisfaction because of due to work overloaded, but I would like to turn the focus to the benefits of a low-stress work environment. Here are the some tips I drop;

·   Strong company culture: employees have a major role in a company’s culture. Healthier employees operating under manageable levels of stress will be happier and more positive, helping to maintain a strong, healthy workplace culture that’s conductive to creativity and productivity.
·      Less sick days: stress is one of the leading causes of absenteeism in the work place. Not only will less stress in the workplace result in less “mental health days” but it will also reduce the amount of sick days taken be employees due to a weekend immune system as a result of excessive stress.
·    Employee retention & talent acquisition: employees who aren’t stressed are much more likely to stick around, and prospective employees are much more likely to work for an employer that promotes a low-stress work environment and takes the initiative to help keep their employees healthy.
·  It shows you care: actively working to reduce stress through measure like stress management programs and policy shows that you care about your employees and their health and happiness.
from my study i found almost all the researcher agreed with that, Stress can’t be entirely eliminated, and a healthy amount of stress leads to productivity and creativity. i also agreed with it too. But there’s a fine line when employee become overly stressed, it takes a toll on both them personally and the overall health of the company. To ensure you have happy, healthy and engaged employees, stress management in the workplace is a must.
Managing employees' workload can result in lower turnover rates, improved performance and higher revenue for your business. Sure, there are times when you need to get things done as efficiently and as quickly as possible, and that's perfectly fine. Just make sure it doesn’t become a habit.
Try to cut meaningless work and streamline time-consuming tasks. For example, if you’re marketing team is spending hours crafting and sharing social media posts, consider outsourcing this task. It's a good way to free up their time so they can focus on more important things, such as customer acquisition and market research. Depending on your industry, you can purchase more advanced equipment to automate certain tasks and reduce the burden on your staff.

More Ideas for Managing Employee Workload

Schedule the workload in advance based on your business cycles. A product launch or sales event, for instance, requires meticulous planning and long working hours. As a manager, you should plan things ahead instead of waiting until the last minute. This will allow your employees to work at a more relaxed pace, achieve better results and anticipate potential issues before it's too late.
Also, encourage team building, workshops and other social activities. These events help your employees bond and reduce their stress levels. If one of your staff members shows signs of fatigue and stress, team him up with another employee. Encourage them to collaborate and distribute their workload evenly.


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