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Technologies require for people to live on Mars

September 10, 2019

New home on Mars

Mars is sometimes called the Red Planet. It's red because of rusty iron in the ground. Like Earth, Mars has seasons, polar ice caps, volcanoes, canyons, and weather. It has a very thin atmosphere made of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and argonThe atmosphere on Mars consists of 96% carbon dioxide and less than 0.2% oxygen (Earth has about 21% oxygen). 

Is it possible to live on Mars?

NASA is working to send humans to Mars in the 2030s. Human survival on Mars would require living in artificial Mars habitats with complex life-support systems. 
  • Basic utilitiesIf electricity generation systems rely on solar power, large energy storage facilities will also be needed to cover the periods when dust storms block out the sun, and automatic dust removal systems may be needed to avoid human exposure to conditions on the surface.If the colony is to scale beyond a few people, systems will also need to maximize use of local resources to reduce the need for resupply from Earth, for example by recycling water and oxygen and being adapted to be able to use any water found on Mars
  • Communication- there must be a mean of communication between Mars and the Earth, so that people will be connected with each other.
  • Transportation- We need a mean transport or aircraft to travel between Earth and Mars as well as within the Mars
  • Storage facilities- It will take decades to transform Mars into a planet like Earth so storage facilities must be capable to store essential requirements for long term.
  • Habitats- Human cannot survive without an economy
  • Resources extraction equipment- Initially for water and oxygen, later for a wider across section of minerals, building materials, etc. 
  • Food production spaces and equipment

In my view, there is a chance that human can live on the Mars, if scientists succeed doing the equipments required for it. The colonies can be build with a Greenhouse, might help increasing oxygen on Mars. 

BY; Aminath Nazeela
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