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Should companies exploit the labor to maximize their profits?

September 30, 2019


Should companies exploit the labor to maximize their profits?




Some/one may argue that businesses exist for the sole purpose of making a profit and thus it is not uncommon for people to hear stories of companies that exploit their workers all in favor of maximizing their profits.according to Wikipedia, exploitation of labor is define as an act of treating a worker unfairly for their own beneficial purposes. according to premium writing service, an increase in the hourly wage rate also increases fixed costs thus reduces the number of hours required for one to work and the employment rate. therefore, imposing a per-worker tax will make employers higher few staff and also extend the hours to some of the existing workers. the summery from Forbes companies exploit labor because a company needs more workers, and to get those workers, a business will need to outbid its competitors. this greed means that if wages are less than the market value of the labor those workers provide, some company will offer a better pay so it can exploit those workers a little bit less. 
cases of human trafficking for labor exploitation and forces labor have been founded in countries es like Australia, Argentina,  Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, India, Nepal, Nigeria, Philippines, Thailand, even from Maldives and also even in The-united state, from variety of employment sectors such as agriculture, contraction, hospitality, manufacturing, nursing, teaching tourism etc.. 
Forced labor and human trafficking for labor exploitation are pervasive issues in India. Forced labor and debt bondage are widespread within the country: men, women, and children are held in debt bondage (sometimes inherited from previous generations) and forced to work in a variety of industries including brick kilns, carpet weaving, embroidery and textile manufacturing, mining, and agriculture. Some Bangladeshi and Nepali migrants are subjected to forced labor in India through 
recruitment fraud and debt bondage.Indian workers also migrate for work abroad, 
significant number Bangladeshis, primarily young men, are recruited for work overseas through fraudulent employment promises but are later subjected to exploitative conditions of labor through forced labor or debt bondage.
They are many more such cases we face from this small country (Maldives)  also;
Maldives, once a very poor country, acquired wealth in recent decades through international tourism and tuna fish exports. As wealth grew, more and more Maldivians stopped working and imported laborers from Bangladesh, India and Sri- Lanka. Discrimination, even hatred, of foreign labor became widespread.
Exploitation of foreign workers rivals fishing as the second most profitable sector of the Maldivian economy after tourism, according to conservative estimates of the number of Bangladeshi workers showing up at their commission in Male’ after being abandoned at the airport by unscrupulous employment agents.
Unskilled Bangladeshi job-seekers pay $ 2,500-3,000 to the brokers who paint a promising picture of employment in the Maldives. Bangladeshi brokers collude with Maldivian agents to facilitate fraudulent recruitment and forced labor. The workers are particularly vulnerable to exploitation. On arrival their passports and documents are often seized by the agents and they are forced to work in arduous conditions.
Expatriate laborers, mostly Bangladeshis, constitute a significant part of the population. They are mostly unskilled and forced to work over 14 hours a day in the construction industry and the service sector. They get the lowest wage of $ 100-150 per month, which is usually not paid regularly.
Construction of high-rise buildings in Malé and of luxurious over water bungalows and pavilions in the island resorts ignore safety precautions and is extremely hazardous. Workers' deaths are commonplace.
Maldivians have moved from other inhabited islands to settle in Malé, only two kilometers wide, making it the most congested capital in the world. The cost of living is sky-high, employment opportunities are limited and education is of dubious quality. The numerous youth of the tiny capital are largely unlettered. With inadequate opportunities for fruitful jobs, many form organised gangs of brown-sugar addicts. Riding their motor bikes precariously through narrow roads and armed with knives they often target migrant workers to extract money for drugs. 
In 2013, Maldives narrowly escaped relegation to Tier 3 Watch List and international sanctions by US Department of State by quickly enacting Anti-Human Trafficking Act regarding transparent recruitment procedure; unjust dismissal; unpaid wages; breach of contract and violation of employment rights. 
But the government failed to implement the enacted laws and the situation has not improved. The workers remain the most vulnerable section of the society and are virtually “owned” by their employers.  The result increasing the violence between the co-workers and loss the trust each others.
In 2015, a group of youths entered a cafe and demanded free coffee from Shaheen Mia, a Bangladeshi worker. As he was not the owner, he explained that he had no permission to serve free coffee. Thereupon the gang damaged the cafe and threatened him. He apprised the police of the incident but no action was taken, and the next day his body was found; he had been brutally stabbed to death. Two days later, another Bangladeshi was found dead in Thoddo island and two more were stabbed in the capital.    
These murders and stabbings sent panic among the Bangladeshis. Some doing sub-human, manual labor in the high-end resorts decided to protest against their deplorable treatment. The government banned the protest, threatening deportation without salary.  
Also in 2015, a Bangladeshi by the name of Bassan died in a horrifying way. His face was smashed and his body mutilated. No one was arrested despite evidence implicating a Maldivian. Subsequently, two workers were kidnapped, robbed and brutally beaten in an employment agency. Is it surprising that the workers are terrified of their employers? They are many more such cases other than these we faces and heard every year, such kinds cases are increasing day by day.
Despite suffering such harassment, many workers cannot leave to return home due to outstanding debts to their brokers and fears of reprisal. 
from the minivan news articles they wrote, Former Bangladeshi High Commissioner to the Maldives, Professor Selina Mohsin, given interview to Minivan News (posted the article and publish 17th august 2010) and she shared the information that every day 40 Bangladeshi nationals were turning up at reception, “having come to the Maldives and found they have nothing to do. So naturally they come here to the High Commission.” Most of the stranded workers were recruited in rural areas of Bangladesh by local brokers, who would work alongside a Maldivian counterpart. In the article she was said that “The Bangladeshi counterpart charges the worker a minimum of $2000, but it goes up to $4000. This money is collected by the counterpart and divided. And also he said “Many workers sell their land, their property, even their homesteads – putting their wives in a relative’s house – and come here for employment they have been told will fetch them between $300-400 a month. But when they arrive, they find they have no employment.” In some cases workers are collected from the airport by the brokers and have their passports confiscated before being dumped on the streets of Male’, Professor Mohsin explains. Typically the worker arrives with a local mobile phone number – inevitably disconnected – and does not know the name of the broker. she said some by doing any   can sometimes own $70-80 a month. In the article mentioned In its 2010 Human Trafficking report – published less than a month after the Maldives was given a seat on the UN Human Rights Council – the State Department estimated that half the Bangladeshis in the Maldives had arrived illegally “and most of these workers are probably victims of trafficking”. In the article write Professor Mohsin was said she was at a loss to describe the abysmal treatment of Bangladeshi workers in the Maldives, given the centuries of close cultural association between the two countries. “Historically things like tobacco smoking and rice eating were all learned from Bengal, because the Maldives had nothing but cowry shells,” Professor Mohsin says. “That was the Maldives’ only export – what would traders bring back in return? Rice, textiles, tobacco, wood… one of the country’s rulers was even a Bengali princess.
At the end of the article they wrote “they also find it very painful now that a Maldivian coming from such a tiny country, and dependent on others for food, can look down on Bangladeshi workers who are doing all the menial work that no Maldivian will do. Why have they changed suddenly? What is this ethos that allows the country to employ workers from other countries and treat them so badly?
By reading many related articles, reports, i must say Exploitation can actually harm profit. If workers feel as though they are being exploited for the mere profit of the company they work for, this can ruin motivation, pride in the company that they work for, destroy morale and harm incentive to a great degree. The result of this is are poorer goods, poorer services and so on and so forth which can have the knock on effect of damaging business and therefore profit. finally some were go for violence.
It is easy to blame the disenfranchised. It is easy to dehumanize the weakest living on the edge of society. This is the sad truth about the tourist paradise Maldives. Corruption is rife, the judiciary compromised and the constitution ignored. Violence is common and fighting among political parties rampant as Maldives increasingly veers towards a failed state. 
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