The rule of law does not have a fixed and precise definition, and its meaning can be different between nations, legal traditions and people from all kinds of lifestyles.
Generally, the rule of law is the principle that no one is above the law and treated equally among citizens. Laws are made to maintain law and order in our society and provide a harmony environment for the sake of progression of people.
In England, Professor A.V. Dicey developed a concept on rule of law from Edward Coke’s concept in a classic book ‘The Law of the Constitution’ published in the year 1885. Decay’s theory of law formed from three concepts of principles.
These three concepts are:
No man could be lawfully interfered or punished by the authorities except for breaches of law established in the ordinary manner before the courts of land.
This indicates that in England, nobody can be thrown into the jail if no law has been broken. Unless a law is broken, neither a person nor his or her goods can be lawfully made to suffer. Society is ruled by law. The governments can only do things that are authorized by or within the law. It means the rule of law is contrasted with every system of government based on the exercise by person in authority of wide arbitrary or discretionary powers of constraint.
No man is above the law and everyone, whatever his condition or rank is, is subject to the ordinary laws of the land.
This means that everyone is equal and not based on classes if they break the law. Everyone will be charged equally to the same law and be subject to the same law courts. Governments and citizens will obey the same law and no specialty will be given to anyone.