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New science movements and branches

September 21, 2019


New science movements and branches

There are different movements of science and branches, like biology, chemistry, physics, science of earth, human science etc. here I will highlight the branches the earth science.

The Earth Sciences


  • Geology: geology the scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of Earth and the processes that shape Earth Geology includes many specialized fields of study, such as the study of earthquakes or volcanoes, exploration for natural resources such as coal and oil, and the study of Earth’s history through the study of rocks and fossils. 

  • Oceanographyoceanography the scientific study of the ocean, including the properties and movement of ocean water, the characteristics of the ocean floor, and the organisms that live in the ocean like geology, oceanography includes specialized fields. Some oceanographers study ocean water. Others study waves, tides, and ocean currents. Still others study the ocean floor or the organisms that live in the oceans. 

  • Paleontology: The science of the forms of life that existed in prehistoric or geologic periods.

  • Meteorology: meteorology the scientific study of Earth’s atmosphere, especially in relation to weather and climate using satellites, radar, and other technologies, meteorologists study the atmospheric conditions that produce weather. They may use this information to prepare weather forecasts. Some meteorologists study climate, the patterns of weather that occur over long periods of time.

  •   Astronomy

Astronomy the scientific study of the universe. Astronomy is one of the oldest branches of Earth science. Modern astronomers use Earth-based and space-based telescopes, as well as other instruments, to study the sun, the moon, the planets, and the universe.


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