Different people have carried out different research to answer if there is any difference in the performance of students using and not using tablets. Performance can be their results which can be physically measured or even it can be how they show their participation in classwork. A qualitative study of lager iPad one to one program was carried out to find out how the introduction to tablets can affect teaching and learning was carried out by a secondary school of the United Kingdom known as Lonfield. Among the teacher and students, 820 students and 71 teachers were equipped with pads. The research concluded that the majority of the teachers and students who used the iPads found the benefits of using iPads. 34 out of 71 teachers reported that the usage of iPads has increased the student's levels of collaboration on their school works and while, 43 of them reported that the applications in iPads were much more reliable and useful in their classroom instructions than the traditional ways of teaching and learning (Heinrich 2012). Calgary Science School is another school in which they had successfully introduced tablets in their classroom. They have found that usage of tablets in their classrooms have made the students become producers and creators, rather than passive consumers (Johnson et al. 2012, p.20). Tablet applications make student explore and achieve their learning objectives. According to Koehler and Mishra’s (2005) framework for integrating technology into education, effective technology can be achieved with effective technology, new pedagogical practices and educational content.
A quantitative study was done by (Young, 2016) on Teachers’ Attitudes to using iPads or Tablet Computers; Implications for Developing new skills, Pedagogies, and school- provided support, identified that there is a large barrier between usage and enabling factors. The study furthermore, suggest that school leaders have to make sure that in order to successfully use tablets in education certain factors have to be kept in mind. The factors include; the teachers should be given enough professional development programs before and while using tablets in the classroom, make sure that teacher is given enough time to make their lessons ready and to share their experience with other teachers, the curriculum has to be available in digital form and most importantly internet connection and Wi-Fi has to be provided in the school.
A qualitative research was done by Soykan, Özdamlı & Özcan,( 2017)on the emotional analysis of children with special needs during tablet usage in education, shows that the students are much happier while using tablets in learning than the traditional method of teaching. The research furthermore concludes that even the students with special needs are motivated and their communication skills have been improved by using tablets while teaching. The research was carried out with the help of specified software and the results were selected by observing students facial expression and smile. When a person is happy, they are able to avoid potential problem or dangers and have the ability to focus on the given task (Konrad ve Hendl, 2001; Schober, 1999). To analyze student performance using tablets, the research could be carried out to check the disadvantages of using tablets in studies. In this way, a better conclusion could be made.