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GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS AND THEIR IMPACT ON HUMAN HEALTH

September 23, 2019




In this modern era technology is applied to everything including the food that we eat. Genetically modified food has been becoming our most frequently consumed type of food. Genetically modified (GM) foods are foods derived from organisms whose genetic material (DNA) has been modified in a way that does not occur naturally, e.g. through the introduction of a gene from a different organism. Currently genetically modified food are mostly derived food plants. Plants are genetically modified to improve yield through the introduction of resistance to plant diseases or of increased tolerance to herbicides. Some common foods that are genetically modified include potato, tomato, soy, maize, sunflowers, rice and pumpkins.  Genetically modified foods are convenient for us but it has many unwanted effects on our health as well.


The most frequent concern with GM foods is the development of life-threatening allergies. Many children in the US and Europe have developed life-threatening allergies to peanuts and other foods. There is a possibility that the introduction of new genes in the food may create a new allergen or cause an allergic reaction in susceptible individuals. In such a person an allergic reaction can threaten their life and in severe cases can cause death.  


GM foods have also showed evidence of toxins upon testing them. The first GM food which was submitted to FDA was genetically modified tomato which showed some toxins in them. These foods were tested on rats. The results showed that some of the rats had developed stomach lesions which can lead to hemorrhage, particularly in elderly people who use aspirin to prevent blood clots. Also, GM foods have been known to cause liver damage. Genetically modifies potatoes were tested on rats and rabbits. These tests showed that there were structural changes in the liver and altered enzyme production in the liver. Other than this GM foods cause many more health problems such as infertility, immune problems, accelerated aging, insulin regulation, and changes in major organs and the gastrointestinal system. Based on these results it is very clear that genetically modified foods can cause more harm than good to our health.

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