Different types of research methodologies used by educational researchers

September 21, 2019

Different types of research methodologies used by educational researchers


There are many different methodologies that can be used to conduct educational research. For instance, the selected 3 types of research methodologies are:

a. Qualitative research; in this method, the researcher normally used questioner, interview, observation and literature review. Such as a case study.

b. Research by practitioners; for example, actions

c. Quantitative research; such as survey collects data

Qualitative Research Methodology

It is a method to enquire about various researches based academic projects. Most often this methodology is applied in social sciences projects as well as market-based research projects.
Aim of the Qualitative Research Methodology
The aim of this method of inquiry is always to study human behavior. With the help of qualitative analysis technique, various reasons are studied to achieve an in-depth consideration as to why certain behavior appears in human being. More specifically, we can say that qualitative research methodology tells how and why certain decisions come forward in particular circumstances. So, the questions like whatwhen and where also matter but qualitative research method offers something beyond this concept.
Samples Used in Qualitative Research Methodology
qualitative-research
In order to inquire about human behaviors, samples are taken from the population. However, most often smaller samples are preferred as compared to large samples. Basically, small samples are thought to be more focused than those large in size. Historical, descriptive, comparative, evaluation and action-based and cultural topics are studied under qualitative research methodology.

Limitations of the Qualitative Method
Conventionally speaking, the qualitative model has some limitations. This method offers information or produces a conclusion only based on specific case studies. Most of the time, general conclusions are only presented based on propositions. So, we can say that qualitative research method is used to test hypothesis but the conclusions are always based on informed claims.
Research by practitioners
Practitioner research refers to research and/or workplace research such as evaluation performed by individuals who also work in a professional field as opposed to being full-time academic researchers. Practitioner research developed as a recognized type of research in the last quarter of the 20th century. In this context, 'practitioner' means someone who delivers public services, such as a nurse, teacher, advice worker, probation officer, counselor or social worker. Practitioner research developed in disciplinary silos, but by the turn of the century, it had been recognized that all disciplines could approach practitioner research in broadly the same way.
For a practitioner, doing research alongside practice can assist with one or more of the following:
  • Solving a specific problem, such as how to reduce crime on a particular housing estate.
  • Contributing to the learning of a discipline such as education or social work.
  • Influencing government policy, e.g. welfare or health policy.
It is also held to improve the quality of the practitioner-researchers practice.
Practitioner research has two categories:
  • Research in the workplace, such as a service evaluation or needs assessment,
  • Academic research related to the practitioner's role, such as a master's degree or Ph.D. in a relevant subject.

Quantitative Research Methodology

quantitative_research
The quantitative research methodology is another type of inquiry. It is a systematic investigation in social sciences and involves mathematicalcomputational and statistical techniques.

Aim of the Quantitative Research Methodology
The aim of the quantitative research method is to develop theories and mathematical model to study hypothesis. Any research methodology data that is enclosed in numeric form comes into the category of quantitative method.
Where to Use the Quantitative Research Methodology
The quantitative research method is a widely used methodology in the field of psychology, economics, political studies, and sociology. In history and anthropological studies, this method is not preferred. Last but not least; quantitative methodology produces information and data regarding particular cases. The general conclusions that are formed in quantitative analysis techniques are based on hypothesis.
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