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The history of computers: how was the first computer invented?

August 30, 2019

The history of computers

who invented the first computer?

Charles Babbage

 The first computer resembling today's modern machines was the Analytical Engine, a device conceived and designed by British mathematician Charles Babbage between 1833 and 1871.

 How was the first computer invented

the Z1 was created by German Konrad Zuse in his parents living room between 1936 and 1938.It is considered to be the first electromechanical binary programmable computer, and the first really functional modern computer.

he designed the analytical engine and it was this design that the basic framework of the computers of today are based on.
Generally speaking, computers can be classified into three generations generation lasted for a certain period of time, and each gave us either a new and improved computer or an improvement to existing computer.
first generation:1937 - 1946 - in 1937 the first electronic digital computer was built by Dr. John V.Atanasoff and Clifford Berry.It was called the Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC).In 11943 an electronic computer name the colossus was built for the military. Other developments continued until in 1946 the first general -purpose digital computer, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) was built. It is said that this computer weighed 30 tons, and had 18000 vacuum tubes which was used for processing. When this computer was turned on for the first time lights dim in sections of Philadelphia. Computers of this generation could only perform single task, and they had no operating system.
second generation:1947-1962 - this generation of computers used transistors instead of vacuum tubes which were more reliable. In 1951 the first computer for commercial use as introduced to the public;the Universal Automatic Computer(UNIVAC 1) .IN 1953 the International Business Machine (IBM) 650 and 700 series computers made their mark in the computer world. During this generation of computers over 100 computer programming languages were developed, computers had memory and operating system. storage media such as tape and disk were in use also were printers for output.
third generation:1963-present- the invention of integrated circuit brought us the third generation of computers. With this  invention of computers became smaller, more powerful more reliable and they are able to run many different programs at the same time.In 1980 Microsoft Disk Operating System (MS-Dos) was born and 1981 IBM introduced the personal computer (PC) for home and office use. Three years later Apple gave us the Macintosh computer with its icon driven interface and the 90s gave us Windows operating system.
As a result of the various improvements to the development of the computer we have seen the computer being used in all areas of life. It is a very useful too that will continue to experience new development as time passes

Aminath Saama (ACFS) batch 1
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