Scientific and technological growth of the last few decades has brought not only the economic globalization and worldwide development of technologies but changes in social relations, culture, and education as well. The fast development of telecommunications, media, and information technologies bears a huge potential for improving the quality of life. It is particularly energetic for those, who cannot obtain an appropriate level of education without assistance of educational and technology specialists, it means people with special educational needs. Technological advance has revealed meaningful social opportunities for such citizens by providing more suitable access to information and communication tools.
problems faced by specially-abled students at our school
Physical: Students with physical disabilities may need the use of braces, a cane or a wheelchair, or many other conditions, all of which can present convenience challenges.
Sensory: Sensory disabilities include visual impairment and deafness and hard-of-hearing conditions can prevent students from utilizing traditional classroom materials and tools.
Cognitive: Students with cognitive disabilities can be all over the map in terms of intelligence, but may suffer from difficulties with memory, self-expression, information processing, and other learning disabilities that prevent them from performing their academic tasks in the same manner as other students.
Health-related: Students suffering from chronic conditions such as diabetes or epilepsy, or other diseases such as cancer often experience difficulty attending class regularly.
Ways we can use ICT to solve these problems
Speech-Recognition software: Students dealing with blindness/visual impairment, or with physical limitations that prevent them from typing on a keyboard, can use text-to-speech devices to compose their works. When using these programs, students speak into a microphone, which then translates their words into typed documents. The most well-known of the software programs that perform this task is Dragon Naturally Speaking, which also recognizes voice commands such as “insert exclamation point.”
Text-to-Speech software: This kind of technology helps students with visual impairments by allowing them to listen to the text that appears on a computer screen. This is a huge improvement over the world because once the program is installed on the computer, it can read anything on the screen, no matter what format it is in (e.g. .pdf or website) with no waiting for translation. This enables students to participate in online activities, use email and text, and have immediate access to course materials.
Audio Aids: Another broad category of assistive technology, these student aids include sound amplification tools, alerting devices that use flashing lights or icons on the computer screen rather than sounds to signal users, closed-captioning for videos, TTY is also known as Telecommunication for the Deaf; phones enabled with Voice Carry-Over (VCO) technologies that allow students with hearing difficulties to communicate over the phone with their own voice.
Physical Aids: For students with physical mobility, stability, motor coordination, and range of motion challenges, several technologies are available to assist them in completing their schoolwork, including audiobooks for students who cannot physically handle books, keyboard adapters such as keyguards to prevent mistyping from tremors or loss of control, voice recognition software for students who cannot type.
It must be stressed that there exists a substantial potential in the educational uses of ICTs combined with many challenges and dangers. New technologies can provide the means to explore new forms of learning that break the traditional chain of command of educational systems and develop genuine alternatives to inflexible, passive approaches to learning of people with special educational needs. However, these technologies can turn up as obstacles to education if they are applied without a commitment to the principles of equality, participation, and responsibility.